What Texans should know before student loan payments resume in October
A three-year pause on student loan payments and interest accrual initiated at the start of the pandemic is coming to an end Oct. 1, leaving nearly 4 million Texans scrambling to figure out how to factor the debt payments back into their budgets.
Former president Donald Trump first suspended payments in March 2020 to provide pandemic relief through the CARES Act, and that suspension was then extended through the end of the year and carried on by President Joe Biden.
But the final extension expired Sept. 1, with student loan interest once again accruing at regular rates after sitting at 0% for three years. Student loan payments will be due in October at varying dates, and borrowers will get a bill at least 21 days before their first payment is due.
Here's what borrowers need to know as those deadlines approach.
How interest accrues
How much you pay in interest depends on what type of loan you have and when your loan was issued, according to the U.S. Department of Education.
The interest rate on student loan payments is 5.5% for subsidized and unsubsidized loans first issued after July 1, the highest it's been since the 2008 recession. In comparison, the interest rate was 4.53% for loans issued to undergraduate borrowers from July 2019 to June 2020.
Karen Krause, executive director of financial aid, scholarships and veterans benefits processing at the University of Texas at Arlington, said it can be a daunting process for students and pandemic-era graduates making payments for the first time this year.
"It is, I think, going to come as a bit of a shock to some students and families," she said. "I hope that they have been paying attention, at least those who are already in repayment."
The government offers a variety of plans for repaying your student loans, including income-driven repayment plans if your debt is relatively high compared to your income.
The Saving on a Valuable Education or SAVE plan is the newest option offered to borrowers, previously known as the Revised Pay As You Earn or REPAYE plan. It promises savings on student loan payments for lower-income borrowers compared to other plans, and unpaid interest doesn't accrue if a borrower makes a full monthly payment.
According to the DOE, more Texans are enrolled in the plan than any other state. The Houston Chronicle reported Texans have the second-most student loan debt in the country.
Krause said the most important thing is to continually stay informed about the terms of your debt payment. UTA requires students who take out loans to complete a master promissory note and an entrance counseling session to ensure they know the promise when they borrow, but she said all responsibility lies with the individual.
"It's still very important that these borrowers pay attention and be proactive," she said. "'I didn't get your email' is not going to be a reason that you can't make a payment."
A good place to start, Krause said, is by using the Department of Education's Federal Student Aid website to figure out who your loan servicer is, or the company the government hires to handle your loan billing and related tasks. They can help update your contact information and answer important questions about your loans.
Avoiding the consequences
Most of the consequences for failing to pay back student loans on time remain the same: Your loan becomes delinquent the first day after a missed due date on a payment.
You can avoid delinquency by getting short-term relief in the form of forbearance, which temporarily suspends your payments. But enough time in delinquency runs the risk of damaging your credit score, and you could eventually default and be forced to pay all your unpaid debt immediately.
A new temporary "on-ramp" for repayment allows borrowers who miss payments from Oct. 1, 2023 to Sept. 30, 2024 to avoid being considered delinquent or placed in default.
Krause said despite the risks associated with student loan debt, it doesn't have to be a scary undertaking.
“We want students to borrow wisely,” Krause said. “Borrowing it just because you can is not a good idea, but it really can help students to complete their educational goals, to do what they need to do and basically get in, get out, get on with their lives a little quicker if they're willing to do that.”
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