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On Our Minds is the name of KERA's mental health news initiative. The station began focusing on the issue in 2013, after the mass shooting in Newtown, Connecticut. Coverage is funded in part by the Donna Wilhelm Family Fund and Cigna.

Chinese American Adoptee Uses Social Media To Share The Realities Of Navigating Adoption

Cosette holds a framed family photo of her adopted parents Tonya Eisenhauer and  John Eisenhauer, and her sibling, Daniel Eisenhauer, in front of their house in Euless, TX., on May 24, 2021.
Keren Carrión
"Educate yourself and listen" is the advice Cosette Eisenhauer has for people who want to support the adoptee community.

One North Texan created an Instagram account to detail her personal adoption experience and encourage other adoptees to join her mission to create awareness around adoption trauma.

For Cosette Eisenhauer of Euless to live not knowing her full birth story or birth parents is to live not knowing who she truly is.

"Being adopted is confusing especially whenever you start to understand that you were abandoned and that no one wanted you. It's hard to get over. It still is," Eisenhauer shared on her Instagram @navigating_adoption.

Her life experience has led Eisenhauer to start using social media to share her adoptee story and create a space to talk about the strain adoptees sometimes feel.

"I started realizing that a lot of my friends didn't know much about adoption," Eisenhauer said. "They were pretty clueless about what adoptees went through so I decided to really share my story."

Children’s books about being a Chinese adoptee and a red folder with Eisenhaur's name on it the orphanage in China gave her.
Keren Carrión / KERA News
When she was a child, Eisenhauer's adopted mother would read her children’s books about being a Chinese adoptee. She also holds on to a folder that her orphanage in Zhanjiang made for her to remember them by.

An Origin Story

The 20-year-old was born in Zhanjiang in Guangdong Province, China. Shortly after birth, she was dropped off at the Potou Hospital in the city, then sent to a police station and later transferred to the Zhanjiang Social Welfare Institute. There, she became what's called a "failure to thrive baby."

"Basically, a failure to thrive baby means you're just not getting enough love or care," she said. "So you're basically just dying in the orphanage."

Eisenhauer stayed at the orphanage for about two months before she was transferred to a foster family where she stayed until she was adopted at 14 months. But,her origin story can not be officially confirmed.

"It's been hard to wrap my head around it because really when I think about it, I really don't know any or much information from before birth through 14 months," she said.

Faith is a very important part of Cosette’s life and upbringing. “God is my fourth Father,” she said, after listing her biological dad, her foster dad, and her adopted dad.
Keren Carrión / KERA News
Eisenhauer's childhood room is is filled with photos on the walls of family and friends, faith quotes and plushy panda stuffed animals. She also has small trinkets, dolls, and Chinese décor — a vivid reminder of where she comes from.

When a family adopts a child, they are given orphanage records on their child. Many reports have shown that it is hard to rely on those documents for accurate information about children adopted from China.

"All the information that I have is all from like the Chinese government," she said. "So my birthday, June 9, could be completely wrong."

Eisenhauer describes adoption as an invisible trauma.

"People expect adoptees to always say all the pros of being adopted. 'Oh, I'm grateful that my parents who adopted me, I'm grateful that I got a second chance in life,'" she said. "But it's also filled with sadness."

On her Instagram page Eisenhauer makes graphics where she lists what adoption trauma looks like: feeling unwanted, insecure, abandoned, damage self-worth and identity, unstable relationships and struggle connecting to homeland.

Psychological Impact

"Many Chinese and Korean adoptees who were adopted by white families find that they're the only one in the community," said Martha Satz, a professor at Southern Methodist University.

Satz has intensively studied and written about transracial adoption psychology. She said this topic hits close to home. Satz is the adoptive mother of a biracial daughter and son.

Through her research, Satz has identified two key points in time where the feeling of 'who they are, what is their identity?' manifests for individuals who are adopted.

"It's called genetic bewilderment," Staz said. "These questions arise over and over again, in different forms. For example, young people have one experience in adolescence when typically, people are thinking about their identity. Then when they get married and have children of their own, it presents itself in yet a different form."

Cosette Eisenhauer sitting on her bed holding a prayer she handwrote.
Keren Carrión / KERA News
An old letter details a prayer Eisenhauer wrote when she was 11 years old, questioning where her biological family was and why she was gotten adopted.

Eisenhauer talked about feelings like this, citing her experience breaking down how many parents she has.

"I have three moms and like four dads," she said. "I always have to take the time and explain. Well, I have my foster mom, my biological mom and my adopted mom. I also have God, and my foster dad, adopted dad and biological dad."

When Mother's Day or Father's Day rolls around, Eisenhauer said she finds it very difficult to celebrate. She said she often cries and spends time in her room hugging her panda bears and mourning her biological parents — the parents she never got to meet.

Eisenhauer battles with abandonment and trust issues due to being adopted and not knowing her biological family.

Three years ago, she began looking for her biological family through Chinese databases and by taking DNA tests through 23&Me and She has many questions she hopes to get answered.

"There is always the sense of rejection and abandonment. Some adoptees have framed it as a primal wound, meaning I am cut off from my original mother," Satz said.

Supporting Adoptees

Eisenhauer said people can better support the adoptees in their lives by educating themselves and listening. Throughout her journey, she said the most important support that a her friends and family have provided her is comfort.

"Reminding me that my feelings are valid," she said.

Satz said parents also have an important role to play in their adoptive child's journey.

"They have to be open about sharing feelings," Satz said. "And have to reassure their children that it's okay and natural for them to want to find out about to their original parents, if they chose to do that,"

Portrait of Cosette Eisenhauer in front of green shrubs with head turned to her right.
Keren Carrión / KERA News
Faith is a very important part of Cosette Eisenhauer’s life and upbringing.

As for Eisenhauer, she said she will continue to create a community on social media. There's she'd found other adopted people in her situation and theycompare notes about their shared experience.

"I want to be identified as not necessarily the girl that was adopted so she should be grateful. It's more of the girl who is telling her story because she wants to help people understand," she said.

Got a tip? Alejandra Martinez is a Report For America corps member and writes about the impact of COVID-19 on underserved communities for KERA News. Email Alejandra at You can follow Alejandra on Twitter @alereports.

KERA News is made possible through the generosity of our members. If you find this reporting valuable, consider making a tax-deductible gift today. Thank you.

Alejandra Martinez is a reporter for KERA and The Texas Newsroom through Report for America (RFA). She's covering the impact of COVID-19 on underserved communities and the city of Dallas.