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As contentious redistricting session continues, Texas lawmakers will debate House maps on Tuesday

The state capitol is in the background with the bars of a gate in the foreground.
Eric Gay
Associated Press
This June 1, 2021, photo shows the State Capitol in Austin, Texas.

A proposed map outlining changes to voting districts for the Texas House of Representatives goes before the full chamber on Tuesday. The maps have sparked controversy because critics say they are drawn in a way that dilutes the power of voters of color. 

The Texas House of Representatives is scheduled Tuesday to debate House Bill 1, which redraws voting districts for the chamber’s 150 representatives.

The maps, passed last week by the House Committee on Redistricting, were authored by committee chair Rep. Todd Hunter (R-Corpus Christi) and will reshape how Texas House members are chosen for the next decade.

Redistricting, which takes place after each census, is the top priority agenda item for Texas lawmakers during the state’s current special legislative session. This third special session must end on or before Oct. 19. That leaves lawmakers with just over a week to approve several new voting maps.

Texas Democrats have said all maps currently under consideration would take away representation from the state’s Black and Latino population. That’s despite the 2020 census showing 95% of Texas’ population growth was fueled by people of color.

The maps Texas House members will debate on Tuesday have also raised criticism regarding how they would disproportionately benefit Texas Republicans.

Among these members was Texas House Democrats Chair Rep. Chris Turner (D-Grand Prairie) who released a statement.

“Given Texas’ well documented history of drawing intentionally discriminatory redistricting plans, it is more important than ever for leadership to treat this process with consideration and respect,” Turner wrote. “Instead, Texas Republicans are doubling down and seem hell-bent on repeating the mistakes of the past.”

Breaking down the proposed Texas House maps

As currently structured, House Bill 1 would add one Democrat-leaning seat in District 70, a part of Collin County which currently has a Republican representative, Rep. Scott Sanford (R-McKinney). Sanford is not running for reelection.

But Democrats point out many other proposed changes to district lines, backed by the GOP-majority, would divide minority populations and change key districts where Democrats are seeking reelection.

An approved change proposed by Rep. Jacey Jetton (R-Richmond) to Bell County in Killen, a city with a 40% Black population, which Democrats claim would divide residents.

Democrats, like Rep. Rafael Anchía (D-Dallas), attempted to amend Hunter's proposed map, increasing the proposed number of majority-Latino districts. That amendment failed on a party-line vote.

City representatives, like El Paso District 2 Representative Alexsandra Annello, who testified during redistricting committee hearings last Monday, Oct. 4, aren't satisfied with the maps going before the chamber.

“It's really hard, cause there's a lot of change. We've known for a while that there was going to be some change in the border, right from El Paso to the valley and it's disappointing that majority-minority communities throughout the state are going to be impacted negatively,” Annello said.

El Paso is losing one seat in the state House in the proposed map, and Annello doesn’t believe that it fairly represents her community.

“People keep saying these are what the numbers are, but as someone who was really involved in the census on the city level, who fought very hard for funding for the census, the state wasn't there for us as communities when it came to getting these numbers," Annello said. "Now we're having to deal with the repercussions of that, so it's just frustrating to hear constantly, the numbers aren't there.”

Members of the public looking to watch House lawmakers debate these proposed maps on Tuesday can tune into live hearings here.

Got a tip? Have a suggestion for our redistricting glossary? Email Haya Panjwani at Follow Haya on Twitter @hayapanjw.

KERA News is made possible through the generosity of our members. If you find this reporting valuable, consider making a tax-deductible gift today. Thank you.

Haya Panjwani is a general assignment reporter for KUT. She also served as a legislative fellow for The Texas Newsroom during the 2021 legislative session.