NPR for North Texas
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00 0:00
Available On Air Stations

Bay Area's Steep Housing Costs Spark Return To Communal Living

This week, we're exploring the San Francisco Bay Area and the way income inequality is affecting the region. Check out the other pieces of the week, aggregated on this page.

It's no secret rents have skyrocketed in the San Francisco Bay Area, fueled by tight housing stock and the latest tech boom. But some young professionals have turned the situation into an opportunity with a return to communal living, or "co-living," as it's now called.

"It's absolutely a modern commune, but we prefer the term co-living," Derek Dunfield says, as he tours a 7,500-square-foot San Francisco Edwardian mansion he shares with a dozen others. "I think what it really is is an example of what the sharing economy can actually do."

He lives in this space with other professionals in their late 20s and early 30s. The housemates include an architect, a tech entrepreneur and someone who works in the mayor's office. They all work during the day, but at least once a week, they come together to cook a huge meal together for one another and any guests who want to show up. They share groceries, household responsibilities and decision-making in who gets to move in, should a spot become available.

"We live here, but we also host events. We have hackathons, and we have salons, and we have concerts," says Jessy Schingler, a co-founder of the house.

She says co-living creates economies of scale, but, more importantly, it creates community.

There's an emphasis on creating connections among people who live in the homes with big family-style dinners and amenities like huge outdoor vegetable gardens, basement bowling alleys and music rooms. And keeping the order isn't a hassle as long as everyone abides by the one sacred rule: no dishes get left in the sink.

The San Francisco Chronicle reports that about a dozen mansions in the Bay Area are currently leased to groups of young entrepreneurs and run as communal living spaces. Schingler puts the total co-living count even higher, saying there are about 50 of these big group living arrangements in and around the Bay Area, in which 10 or more unrelated folks move in together in grand estates.

It makes economic sense. Census numbers show San Franciscans pay the highest rent in the country. Median rent for a two-bedroom apartment there is $3,200 per month, but if you snag a spot in a co-living house, you can pay about half that.

"San Francisco is way too hot right now," says David Sobel, the chief executive officer of the San Francisco Housing Development Corp., a nonprofit that advocates for affordable housing options in the city. "You need to be a millionaire really to buy a home at the median home price nowadays. That does not bode well for an overall diverse and healthy city, which is one of the great traditions of San Francisco."

Sobel says the rise of communal living cuts two ways. He likes that young professionals have found ways to make city-dwelling possible, because cities need income diversity, and young people shouldn't be forced to commute hours to get to work. But when mansions get scooped up quickly, it does have an impact on the market.

"Individuals and families who are looking to purchase or rent those same resources are going to have more competition to do so. So ultimately I think there needs to be a balance between those two forces," Sobel says.

Plenty of the co-living folks feel the same way. That's why they're expanding to other parts of the Bay Area, like Berkeley — just east of San Francisco. There, two business school grads — Jay Standish and Ben Provan — head up a smaller co-living house. While all of this does cut costs and promotes sustainability (they grow their own food and share cars), the co-founders say co-living is more than just random roommates coming together. They are trying to build communities of passionate young people where they didn't exist before. And that's made easier thanks to tech-powered social networking.

"In some ways, this is the millennial generation's take on how to live together. Maybe we say social networking, but that's actually just community or a tribe or a village," Standish says.

Technology brought them together, but they realize this kind of lifestyle dates to the beginning of civilization.

"It's definitely a case of going back to the future," Provan says.

Now, the founders of the San Francisco house and this Berkeley home have organized themselves into a startup real estate business. Their 3-month-old company, Open Door Development Group, is now enticing investors to help it buy a few big homes for co-living.

They were once strangers. Online networks made them friends, and living together makes them more like family. After dinner, in keeping with the one rule of giant co-living houses, someone will do all of the dishes.

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit

Elise Hu is a host-at-large based at NPR West in Culver City, Calif. Previously, she explored the future with her video series, Future You with Elise Hu, and served as the founding bureau chief and International Correspondent for NPR's Seoul office. She was based in Seoul for nearly four years, responsible for the network's coverage of both Koreas and Japan, and filed from a dozen countries across Asia.